His arrest in 1988 as a teenager marked the beginning of a long and unfortunate history with the Canadian justice system, with his first stint in prison opening up a new profession: burglary. In response to the growing popularization of marijuana and the increase in criminal charges against middle-class citizens, the government formed the Royal Commission on the Non-Medical Use of Drugs, commonly referred to as the Le Dain Commission, in 1969 to investigate the use of cannabis for non-medical purposes in Canada.  The Commission`s 1972 report recommended the abolition of criminal penalties for cannabis possession, but not legalization itself. Although the recommendation was discussed by the subsequent two federal governments, no action was taken to amend the legislation.  Two years after legalization, customers still come to these stores in Alderville`s Indigenous community – although the salespeople operate outside the new system put in place to regulate legal sales. But the new system has been criticized for keeping these indigenous operations in a grey market legal limbo, despite promises that indigenous peoples would be consulted and included in the new system. When Trudeau announced his government`s legalization plans, creating a major new source of jobs — or tax revenue — was not on the agenda. The Liberal Party of Canada introduced Bill C-45 „Respect for Cannabis Act“, which was introduced in Parliament on April 13, 2017 with the goal of legalizing the recreational use of cannabis by July 1, 2018.  Bill C-45 was under parliamentary review at the end of August 2017.
 The meetings were scheduled to take place from September 11 to 15, 2017, and Parliament was awaiting a report by the end of September. „The province remains committed to continuing its engagement with First Nation communities interested in having provincially regulated businesses or developing their own approaches to legal cannabis retailing,“ Crognali wrote in an email. A 2011 United Nations survey found that 12.6 percent of the population, or about 4.39 million adults, had used cannabis at least once in the past year, while the estimate for 15- to 24-year-olds was 26.3 percent. Given the enormous size of the cannabis market, it is clear that prohibition has done great harm to the Canadian government, as well as others around the world, by providing an expansive additional source of revenue at a time when cuts to social benefits and investments are being used to balance the budget and reduce debt. However, the loss of tax revenue is not the only problem associated with current cannabis policies: prohibition has kept the drug industry illegal and subsequently deregulated. This leads to risk premiums that create a monopolized market with high barriers to entry, which in turn leads to an increase in violence, organized crime, and the diversion of limited public resources to prosecute drug users (i.e. nonviolent crime).  The mid-July deadline was extended when federal lawyers argued that current cannabis laws and regulations should remain in force until Ontario`s highest court could hear the appeal, which took place on May 7 and 8, 2012.  In granting the extension, the Court of Appeal noted that „the practical effect of the decision, if the suspension were to expire on July 14, would be to legalize the production of cannabis in Ontario, if not anywhere in Canada.“  The decision released on February 1, 2013 indicates that the Ontario Court of Appeal upheld Canada`s existing cannabis laws, overturning the lower court judge`s 2011 decision.  In its decision, the Court of Appeal held that the lower court judge had made several errors in striking down Canada`s cannabis laws, citing the absence of a constitutional right to use cannabis for medical purposes.
The court also found that Mernagh had not provided evidence from a physician that he met the criteria for medical use of marijuana. The decision sparked criticism and disappointment from many in Canada, including the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network. After the ruling, they reiterated Mernagh`s (and many other medical marijuana users in Canada) problem with the current cannabis rules: „If the current regulations remain unchanged, many people with serious health conditions will be left without effective access to legal authorization to use cannabis as medicine.“ For Canada`s illicit growers, marijuana is „always good business,“ said Detective Inspector Jim Walker, deputy director of the Ontario Provincial Police`s Bureau of Organized Crime. That promise was largely kept, with legalization essentially ending what Akwasi Owusu-Bempah, a sociology professor at the University of Toronto who studies race and policing in Canada, called „highly racialized“ arrests for marijuana possession. Arizona – As of November 2020, adult-use recreational cannabis is legal in Arizona. Since 1997, public opinion polls have shown that a growing majority of Canadians agree with the statement „smoking marijuana should not be a crime.“  A June 2016 national poll by Nanos Research found that 7 in 10 Canadians supported legalization.  The New Democratic Party supported the legalization and regulation of cannabis in the 2015 federal election.  The NDP promised to decriminalize cannabis immediately if it formed a government.  NDP Leader Thomas Mulcair publicly expressed support for decriminalization in 2012.
 But other important promises and hopes that came with the fact that Canada was the first industrialized country to legalize marijuana have yet to be fulfilled. „By controlling it, by legalizing it,“ Trudeau said in 2018, „we`re going to make sure that criminal organizations and street gangs don`t make millions, billions of dollars in profits every year.“ But investors saw huge business opportunities when a „green rush“ swept the Toronto Stock Exchange and legal players invested millions of dollars in oversized greenhouses. A national survey conducted in October 2016 by Forum suggests that approximately five million adult Canadians now use cannabis at least once a month. It was expected to increase by 19% after marijuana legalization.  Canaccord Genuity analysts Matt Bottomley and Neil Maruoka published a research note with more moderate estimates of the number of users. They predicted that by 2021, about 3.8 million people (probably frequently) will be recreational users.  Cannabis extracts and topicals are finally approved for legal sale. This means Canadians have access to a range of products, including vape juice and hashish. The packaging will be standardized and no hashish product will contain more than 1000 mg of THC. The maximum size of the package is 7.5 grams. Today, the Canadian government announced that it will finally offer cannabis edibles, extracts and topicals legally available for sale at cannabis dispensaries across the states.